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2015年一月联考(MBA、MPA、MPAcc)英语真题及答案(2)

时间:2015年12月15日 来自:陕西在职考研网 资讯更全面,成考更专业 访问点击量:1874次

Text4

Many people talked of the 288000new jobs the Labor Department reported for Jure along with the drop in the unemployment take to 6 J percent. at good news. And they were right. For now it appears the economy is creating jobs at a decent pace. We still have a long way to go to get back to full employment but at least we are now finally moving forward at a faster pace。

However there is another important part of the jobs picture that was largely overlooked. There was a big jump in the number of people who report voluntarily working part-time. This figure is now 830000(44 percent)above its year ago level。

Before explaining the connection to the Obamacare it is worth making an important distinction. Many people who work part-time jobs actually want full-time jobs. They take part-time work because this is all they can get. An increase in involuntary part-time work is evidence of weakness in the labor market and it means that many people will behaving a very hard time making ends meet。

There was an increase in involuntary part-time in June but the general direction has been down. Involuntary part-time employment is still far higher than before the recession but it is down by 640000(7.9 percent)from its year ago level。

We know the difference between voluntary and involuntary part-time employment because people tell us. The survey used by the Labor Department asks people if they worked less than 35hours in the reference week. If the answer is “yes。”they are classified as working part-time. The survey then asks whether they worked less than 35 hours in that week because they wanted to work less than full time or because they had no choice. They are only classified as voluntary part-time workers if they tell the survey taker they chose to work less than 35 hours a week。

The issue of voluntary part-time relates to Obamacare because one of the main purposes was to allow people to get insurance outside of employment. For many people especially those with serious health conditions or family members with serious health conditions before Obamacare the only way to get insurance was through a job that provided health insurance。

However Obamacare has allowed more than 12 million people to either get insurance through Medicaid or the exchanges. These are people who may previously have felt the need to get a full-time job that provided insurance in order to cover themselves and their families. With Obamacare there is no longer a link between employment and insurance。

36. Which part of the jobs picture was neglected?

A. The prospect of a thriving job market。

B. The increase of voluntary part-time jobs。

C. The possibility of full employment。

D. The acceleration of job creation。

37. Many people work part-time because they

A. prefer part-time jobs to full-time jobs

B. feel that is enough to make ends meet

C. cannot get their hands on full-time jobs

D. haven' t seen the weakness of the market

38. Involuntary part-time employment in the US

A. is harder to acquire than one year ago

B. shows a general tendency of decline

C. satisfies the real need of the jobless

D. is lower than before the recession

39. It can be learned that with Obamacare 。

A. it is no longer easy for part-timers to get insurance

B. employment is no longer a precondition to get insurance

C. it is still challenging to get insurance for family members

D. full-time employment is still essential for insurance

40. The text mainly discusses 。

A. employment in the US

B. part-timer classification

C. insurance through Medicaid

D. Obamacare’s trouble

Part B

Directions:Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraph (41-45).There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Make your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

[A]You are not alone

[B]Experience helps you grow

[C]Pave your own unique path

[D]Most of your fears are unreal

[E]Think about the present moment

[F]Don’t fear responsibility for your life

[G]There are many things to be grateful for

Some Old Truths to Help You Overcome Tough Times

Unfortunately, life is not a bed of roses. We are going through life facing sad experiences. Moreover, we are grieving various kinds of loss: a friendship, romantic relationship or a house .Hard times may hold you down at what usually seems like the most inopportune time, but you should remember that they won’t last forever.

When our time of mourning is over, we press forward, stronger with a greater understanding and respect for life. Furthermore, these losses make us mature and eventually move us toward future opportunities for growth and happiness. I want to share these old truths I’ve learned along the way.

41._______________________________

Fear is both useful and harmful. This normal human reaction is used to protect us by signaling danger and preparing us to deal with it. Unfortunately, people create inner barriers with a help of exaggerating fears. My favorite actor Will Smith once said, “Fear is not real. It is a product of thoughts you create. Do not misunderstand me. Danger is very real. But fear is a choice.” I do completely agree that fears are just the product of our luxuriant imagination.

42.________________________________

If you are surrounded by problems and cannot stop thinking about the past, try to focus on the present moment. Many of us are weighed down by the past or anxious about the future. You may feel guilt over your past, but you are poisoning the present with the things and circumstances you cannot change. Value the present moment and remember how fortunate you are to be alive. Enjoy the beauty of the world around and keep the eyes open to see the possibilities before you. Happiness is not a point of future and not a moment from the past, but a mindset that can be designed into the present.

43.________________________________

Sometimes it is easy to feel bad because you are going through tough times. You can be easily caught up by life problems that you forget to pause and appreciate the things you have. Only strong people prefer to smile and value their life instead of crying and complaining about something.

44._______________________________

No matter how isolated you might feel and how serious the situation is, you should always remember that you are not alone. Try to keep in mind that almost everyone respects and wants to help you if you are trying to make a good change in your life, especially your dearest and nearest people. You may have a circle of friends who provide constant good humor, help and companionship. If you have no friends or relatives, try to participate in several online communities, full of people who are always willing to share advice and encouragement.

45._______________________________

Today many people find it difficult to trust their own opinion and seek balance by gaining ivity from external sources. This way you devalue your opinion and show that you are incapable of managing your own life. When you are struggling to achieve something important you should believe in yourself and be sure that your decision is the best. You live in your skin, think your own thoughts, have your own values and make your own choices.

Part C Translation

Directions:

Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

Think about driving a route that’s very familiar. It could be your commute to work, a trip into town or the way home. Whichever it is, you know every twist and turn like the back of your hand. On these sorts of trips it’s easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery. The consequence is that you perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has.

This is the well-travelled road effect: people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route.

The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention. When we travel down a well-known route, because we don’t have to concentrate much, time seems to flow more quickly. And afterwards, when we come to think back on it, we can’t remember the journey well because we didn’t pay much attention to it. So we assume it was proportionately shorter.

Section III Writing

Part A

47. Directions:

Suppose your university is going to host a summer camp for high school students. Write a notice to

1) briefly introduce the camp activities, and

2) call for volunteers.

Your should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not use your name or the name of your university.

Do not write your address.(10 points)

48.Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart. you should

1) interpret the chart and

2) give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points).

参考答案

2015考研英语考试刚刚结束了,在考后第一时间得知并发布英语二考研真题答案(完整版),请考生及关注考研的同仁们参考!


 2015考研英语二答案

完型填空题

1 .C signal

2 .D much

3. C plugged

4. A message

5. C behind

6. A misinterpreted

7. B judged

8. D unfamiliar

9. B anxious

10. D turn

11.A dangerous

12. A hurt

13.B conversation

14. D passengers

15.C predict

16. D ride

17.A went through

18.C in fact

19.B since

20 B simple

阅读题答案

Text 1 答案

21. D offered greater relaxation than the workplace

22. B childless husbands

23. A they are both bread winners and housewives

24. C earnings

25. B division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut

Text2 答案

26. C miss its original purpose

27. A the problem is solvable

28. C are in need offinancial support

29. D are inexperienced in handling issues at college

30. D colleges are partly responsible for the problem in question

Text3 答案

31. A more emotional

32. C sports culture

33.D strengthen employee loyalty

34.A voices for working women

35. C companies find it to be fundamental

Text4

36. B the increase of voluntary part-time jobs

37. C cannot get their hands on full-time jobs

38. B shows a general tendency of decline

39. B empolyment is no longer a precondition to get insureance

40.A

阅读新题型

41 .D Most of your fearsare unreal

42. E Think about the [resent moment

43.G There are many things to be grateful for

44.A You are not alone

45. C Pave your own unique path

翻译题

回想一下这样的经历:开车行驶在一条非常熟悉的道路上。这可能是你每天上下班的必经之路,可能是进城的旅行,亦或是回家的道路。不管是哪一种,你都了解每一个屈折拐弯之处,就像熟悉自己手背上的纹路一样。在这些所有类型的旅途中,很容易失去驾车的注意力,并且几乎不注意沿途的风景。结果,比起这段路途实际需要的时间,你的感觉是花费的时间更少。

这就是经常旅行线路效应:人们往往低估了花费在一条熟悉的路线上的时间。

这种效应是由于我们分配注意力的方式引起的。当我们旅行一条非常著名的路线时,因为我们不是非得注意太多,时间似乎流逝得更快。然后,当我们回忆起这段旅程时,因为我们没有花费太多的注意力,因此我们对之记忆地不太清楚,所以我们认为这段旅行更为短途

作文

PART A

【参考范文1】

Notice

In order to enrich high school students’ life in summer holiday and expand the reputation of our university, the Students Union are going to host a summer camp in our school campus and volunteers are needed.The details about this summer camp and volunteer recruitment are listed

as follows.Firstly, the summer camp will begin on September 1st and it will last for ten days. Secondly, the main theme of this summer camp is “Better English, Better life” and there are various activities in this summer camp,including English-speaking contest, drama contest, sports meeting and dancing part and son on. Thirdly, volunteers need to have a good command of English and be enthusiastic in organizing different of kinds

of activities.

If you have any question or suggestion about this summer camp,please contact us at 12345 as soon as possible.

ABC University

PART B

【参考范文1】

The pie chart above presents the different proportion of residents’consumption in a Chinese city during Spring Festival. To be specific, the percentage of consumption on New Year’s gifts, party, traffic and others is 40%, 20% , 20% and 20% respectively. Surprisingly, the pertinent number about gifts is 40%. Isolated as the figures seem to be, they are connected to one another closely.Undoubtedly, the purpose of the graph is to showcase the diversity of residents ’ consumption during holidays in China, especially over-consumption on gifts as a frequent way of interpersonal communication. What exactly contribute to this phenomenon? It’s a thought-provoking question. First and foremost, advertisements of mass media, such as radio, television and Internet, might be misleading. Plus,pertinent action taken by the public to put an end to this trend might be little and limit. Therefore, people, men and women, old and young, in mounting numbers are spending too much on holiday gift which floods everywhere.

To sum up, there is an upward tendency for people these days to spend money on festival presents rather than other things, which I believe will not change in a short time. To reverse the trend is not a piece of cake, which requires a good awareness of consumption value and interpersonal communication. Only in this way can we have colorful festivals and relaxing times

【评析】

(饼状图)我国某市民春节假期花销比例(新年礼物40% ,交通20% ,聚会吃饭20% ,其他20% )这篇饼状图避开了热点话题,考察主题中规中矩,关于我国某城市居民开销花费问题(生活类话题)。考察的形式是英语二从未考察过的饼状图(在 1997 年考研英语饼状图出现过一次),如果事先准备不充分的考生,很可能会有点恐慌。不过,在我个人的预测班讲义和最后的救命班的课件中已经交代了饼状图的描述方式。针对这篇文章,三个段落的写作分别如下:第一段描述这个饼状图,包括其中各自的数据组成,并且可以将其中最大的一部分即新年礼物的数据突出。最后再简要地交代一句,尽管数字看似孤立,但是数字之间紧密联系。第二段的写法多种多样,如果针对这种送新年礼物的风气进行评析,可以作为一个负面话题来分析原因或者举例子;也可以作文一个正面话题来谈论,谈一谈这种人际交往的形式--互送礼物 ,增强朋友家人的感情;甚至可以作文一个中立话题来谈一谈假期开销在不同的方面,消费方式的多种多样。第三段的写法就是传统地预测一下趋势,对这个事情简要评析一下,在对多姿多彩的社会和假期生活憧憬一下即可。在单词的考察方面较难的单词也不过是居民(citizen , resident )和消费(consume, consumption )。其他的单词就比较简单,包括聚会(party ,reunion) ,交通(traffic ) ,新年礼物(gifts ),其他(others ).

(饼状图)我国某市民春节假期花销比例(新年礼物40%,交通20%,聚会吃饭20%,其他20%)这篇饼状图避开了热点话题,考察主题中规中矩,关于我国某城市居民花销问题(生活类话题)。考察的形式是英语二从未考察过的饼状图(在1997年考研英语饼状图出现过一次),如果事先准备不充分的考生,很可能会有点恐慌。不过,在我个人的预测讲义和最后的救命班的课件中已经交代了饼状图的描述方式。

针对这篇文章,三个段落的写作分别如下:

第一段描述这个饼状图,包括其中各自的数据组成,并且可以将其中最大的一部分即新年礼物的数据突出。最后再简要地交代一句,尽管数字看似孤立,但是数字之间紧密联系。

第二段的写法多种多样,如果针对这种送新年礼物的作风进行评析,可以作为一个负面话题来分析原因或者例子;也可以作文一个正面话题来谈论,谈一谈这种人际交往的形式—互送礼物,增强朋友家人的感情;甚至可以作文一个中立话题来谈一谈假期开销在不同的方面,消费形式的多种多样。

第三段的写法就是传统地预测一下趋势,对这个事情简要评析一下,再对多姿多彩的社会和假期生活憧憬一下即可。

在单词的考察方面较难的单词也不过是居民(citizen,resident)和消费(consume,consumption)。其他的单词就比较简单,包括聚会(party,reunion),交通(traffic),新年礼物(gifts),其他(others)。


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